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Epistemology

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  1. 3.0 hrs • 9/6/2016 • Unabridged

    Gorgias of Leontini, a famous teacher of rhetoric, has come to Athens to recruit students, promising to teach them how to become leaders in politics and business. A group has gathered at Callicles' house to hear Gorgias demonstrate the power of his art. This dialogue blends comic and serious discussion of the best life, providing a penetrating examination of ethics. Is it better to suffer evil or to do evil? Is it better to do something wrong and avoid being caught or to be caught and punished? Is pleasure the same as goodness? As the characters in the dialogue pursue these questions, the foundations of ethics and the nature of the good life come to light. © Agora Publications

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    Plato's Gorgias

    Read by Ray Childs
    3.0 hrs • 9/6/16 • Unabridged
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  2. 3.5 hrs • 9/5/2016 • Unabridged

    Rene Descartes is often described as the first modern philosopher, but much of the content of his Meditations on First Philosophy can be found in the medieval period that had already existed for more than a thousand years. Does God exist? If so, what is his nature? Is the human soul immortal? How does it differ from the body? What role do sense experience and pure reason play in knowing? Descartes stands out from his predecessors because of the method he developed to treat these and other fundamental questions. Drawing on his study of mathematics, he searches for a way to establish absolutely certain conclusions based on indubitable premises. His importance in modern philosophy lies in the challenge he offers to every subsequent thinker in philosophy and science. © Agora Publications

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    Descartes' Meditations

    3.5 hrs • 9/5/16 • Unabridged
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  3. 0.2 hrs • 7/26/2016 • Unabridged

    It is made clear what laws of nature are and what role they have in scientific practice.

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    Laws of Nature

    0.2 hrs • 7/26/16 • Unabridged
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  4. 0.2 hrs • 7/26/2016 • Unabridged

    Chomsky's arguments for the existence of pre-experiential knowledge, and for the existence of sub-personal cognition, are clearly stated and shown to be cogent.

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  5. 0.0 hrs • 7/12/2016 • Unabridged

    A transcendental argument for a given proposition P is one to the effect that, unless P were true, it could not even be asked whether P were true. In this audio, it is shown by means of transcendental arguments that some events compel the occurrence of other events and also that the mind is a cohesive structure in which thoughts inhere, as opposed to a mere ‘bundle’ or ‘cloud’ of thoughts.

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  6. 0.1 hrs • 7/8/2016

    In this dialogue, it is made clear what analytic truth is, why such truths exist, and what their role is in the acquisition of knowledge.

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  7. 2.8 hrs • 9/1/2015 • Unabridged

    A concise overview of our belief systems and the next exciting installment in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series Our beliefs constitute a large part of our knowledge of the world. We have beliefs about objects, about culture, about the past, and about the future. We have beliefs about other people, and we believe that they have beliefs as well. We use beliefs to predict, to explain, to create, to console, to entertain. Some of our beliefs we call theories, and we are extraordinarily creative at constructing them. Theories of quantum mechanics, evolution, and relativity are examples. But so are theories about astrology, alien abduction, guardian angels, and reincarnation. All are products (with varying degrees of credibility) of fertile minds trying to find explanations for observed phenomena. In this book, Nils Nilsson examines beliefs: what they do for us, how we come to hold them, and how to evaluate them. We should evaluate our beliefs carefully, Nilsson points out, because they influence so many of our actions and decisions. Some of our beliefs are more strongly held than others, but all should be considered tentative and changeable. Nilsson shows that beliefs can be quantified by probability, and he describes networks of beliefs in which the probabilities of some beliefs affect the probabilities of others. He argues that we can evaluate our beliefs by adapting some of the practices of the scientific method and by consulting expert opinion. And he warns us about “belief traps”—holding onto beliefs that wouldn’t survive critical evaluation. The best way to escape belief traps, he writes, is to expose our beliefs to the reasoned criticism of others.

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    Understanding Beliefs by Nils J. Nilsson
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  8. 4.5 hrs • 10/12/2012 • Unabridged

    The Problems of Philosophy discusses Bertrand Russell’s views on philosophy and the problems that arise in the field. His views focus on knowledge rather than the metaphysical realm of philosophy. This book revolves around the central question that Russell asks in his opening line of chapter one: Is there any knowledge in the world which is so certain that no reasonable man could doubt it? He examines this question by delving into the idea of reality versus appearance. For Russell and other philosophers who share his ideas it is sensory perception of the world around them that shapes their knowledge. It is in this work that he discusses his idea of sense-data to help explain the differences between appearance and reality. The Problems of Philosophy is Russell’s first attempt at recording and working through a theory of epistemology, which is the theory of the nature of human knowledge.

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    The Problems with Philosophy

    4.5 hrs • 10/12/12 • Unabridged
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  9. 4.0 hrs • 9/30/2011 • Unabridged

    First published in 1710, George Berkeley’s A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge is a seminal contribution to Empiricist philosophy. Making the bold assertion that the physical world consists only of ideas and thus does not exist outside the mind, this work establishes Berkeley as the founder of the immaterialist school of thought. A major influence on such later philosophers as David Hume and Immanuel Kant, Berkeley’s ideas have played a role in such diverse fields as mathematics and metaphysics and continue to spark debate today.

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  10. 24.6 hrs • 8/1/2009 • Unabridged

    In this sweeping history, Jennifer Michael Hecht celebrates doubt as an engine of creativity and as an alternative to the political and intellectual dangers of certainty. Just as belief has its own history featuring people whose unique expressions of faith forever changed the world, doubt has a vibrant story and tradition with its own saints, martyrs, and sages. Hecht shows that the great doubters ponder the same issues as the great believers. She celebrates such heroes of doubt as Confucius, Socrates, Jesus, Wang Ch’ung, Hypatia, Maimonides, Galileo, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Charles Darwin, Marie Curie, Emily Dickinson, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and Margaret Sanger, people who drove history forward by challenging the powers and conventional wisdom of their time and heritage.

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    Doubt: A History

    24.6 hrs • 8/1/09 • Unabridged
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  11. 0 reviews 0 5 5 5 out of 5 stars 5/5
    3.2 hrs • 10/7/2003 • Unabridged

    A wise and witty compendium of the greatest thoughts, greatest minds, and greatest books of all time—listed in accessible and succinct form—by one of the world’s greatest scholars. From the “Hundred Best Books” to the “Ten Greatest Thinkers” to the “Ten Greatest Poets,” here is a concise collection of the world’s most significant knowledge. For the better part of a century, Will Durant dwelled upon—and wrote about—the most significant eras, individuals, and achievements of human history. His selections have finally been brought together in a single, compact volume. Durant eloquently defends his choices of the greatest minds and ideas, but he also stimulates readers into forming their own opinions, encouraging them to shed their surroundings and biases and enter “The Country of the Mind,” a timeless realm where the heroes of our species dwell. From a thinker who always chose to exalt the positive in the human species, The Greatest Minds and Ideas of All Time stays true to Durant’s optimism. This is a book containing the absolute best of our heritage, passed on for the benefit of future generations. Filled with Durant’s renowned wit, knowledge, and unique ability to explain events and ideas in simple and exciting terms, this is a pocket-size liberal arts and humanist curriculum in one volume.

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    The Greatest Minds and Ideas of All Time by Will Durant

    The Greatest Minds and Ideas of All Time

    Compiled and edited by John Little
    Read by John Little
    3.2 hrs • 10/7/03 • Unabridged
    0 reviews 0 5 5 5 out of 5 stars 5/5
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